0000000016 00000 n index, sectorial vulnerability indices can be segregated to identify potential areas for intervention (Hahn et al. 0000117780 00000 n INTRODUCTION Floods add to the distressed conditions of the poor and vulnerable people in Bihar. What is it useful for? 0000107415 00000 n A livelihoods analysis helps to understand better the actual assets of affected people, which eventually shape people’s livelihood strategies (thus explaining their behaviour). 0000005091 00000 n Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. Indian Women. Climate-related hazards exacerbate other stressors, often with negative outcomes for livelihoods, especially for people living in poverty (high confidence). Vulnerability Assessment: Livelihood Sensitivity Approach Gina Ziervogel (Gina.ziervogel@sei.se) 1 Introduction This approach enables vulnerability to particular stresses to be captured by focusing on ability of individuals 0 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.11.002. Find out more. h�b```b``������6�A��X��,&�jh/��Ҥ �X��8�0�8��2�c��U3����H]vg߆f��=" ��k7ˈF�Ifn��0d��R��snUƩʩ`Am��4HM��a�BJ@ 1YIٸ��MK��q���. The implication of this is that is considers vulnerability to be determined both by internal characteristics, as well as external hazards or pressures. xref Documents available: Floods have a different impact on households depending on differences in their livelihood … A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. 0000001491 00000 n 0000004818 00000 n Identifying the hazards that have the most serious impact on important livelihoods resources. Livelihood vulnerability actually focuses the exposure, sensitivity as well as adaptive capacity of an individual’s livelihood or a community’s livelihood in the face of natural disasters. Chambers and Conway’s oft-cited definition states that: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means … The contents are the responsibility of FHI 360 and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States … Indian Constitution. A survey of 250 households was … vulnerability; dynamic nature of livelihood strategy; the inter linkage be-tween the factors influencing livelihood; the micro element of society in-fluencing livelihood; and the changes occurring in the time period. 0000044168 00000 n Gender equity—being an important aspect of livelihood, women participation in livelihood activities and changes occurring in their life—was specially (One of the many problems of development is that projects and programs, while favoring some, can disadvantage others. Source: Adapted from Maxwell (1999a). 42 41 their vulnerability and the involvement of institutions. A livelihood is a means of making a living. When demographic, livelihood, and wealth variables are included in the model, none of the strategies previously associated with high vulnerability are statistically significant; only those associated with low vulnerability (accessing grain banks and sending children to work) are marginally significant see (Table 3 4 ) Despite having included livelihood in the previ ous model, livelihood … In recent years, droughts have strongly affected the Central Highlands of Vietnam and have resulted in crop damage, yield decline, and serious water shortage. 1. People move in and out of poverty and the concept of vulner- 0000009122 00000 n LIVELIHOODS Livelihoods vulnerability analysis is a method of assessing the impact of hazards on livelihood resources. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. livelihood outcomes. If you want to find out the … Loss of livelihood is also an issue. Sustainable Livelihoods The challenges posed by climate change highlight something South African workers have known for decades: that planning on the basis of geography is inherently limited. Strategies may include subsistence production or production for th… Livelihood strategies that are crafted in ‘extra-ordinary’ post-disaster conditions should also be able to function once some semblance of normalcy has resumed. Whitney Moret ASPIRES . Physical, economic, social and political factors determine people’s level of vulnerability and the … Understanding vulnerability: The impact of a crisis on any given population group results from the shock itself and the vulnerability of the affected people. Determining which livelihoods resources are most vulnerable. Projections of sea-level rise generally imply that Pacific low-lying reef and atoll islands will be subject to considerable environmental changes, gradually diminishing their habitability. A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. livelihood centered approach or need based approach for achieving resilient livelihood. It encompasses people’s capabilities, assets, income and activities required to secure the necessities of life. Chapter 4 explains the history of the research site as part of the local vulnerability context. What is the abbreviation for Livelihood Vulnerability Index? * livelod* lyuelode* lyvelod. Livelihood interventions must be undertaken in combination with other sectors. Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and respondent´s perspectives to present results and analysis. Multi-locality is an increasingly recognised strategy South African households use to strengthen resilience and mitigate risks. Char-based policy focusing on short- and long-term … Parliamentary System . 0000002846 00000 n This paper aims to assess the livelihood vulnerability of riverine communities by applying the Intergovernmental Panel on … Section 2 of the paper outlines key concepts and methods applied. 0000006223 00000 n For instance, indicators from the physical … The sustainable livelihood approach combines five types of household assets: natural, social, financial, physical and human capital (Chambers and Conway 1992), to which vulnerability assessment also adds consideration of expo- LVI abbreviation stands for Livelihood Vulnerability Index. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 3 Vulnerability Context Vulnerability is characterized as insecurity in the well-being of individuals, households, and communities in the face of changes in their external environment. Dimensions of vulnerability The major three components of livelihood vulnerability are exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity (Fig. 0000043888 00000 n 0000002622 00000 n 0000012389 00000 n 0000002587 00000 n Even though contexts of vulnerability have been highlighted to be critical to SL, the difference of SL under vulnerability contexts, particularly disaster, has been ignored. Some of these factors are fast acting (such as earthquakes) and others are slower acting (such as soil erosion), but both can undermine livelihoods. 0000118287 00000 n 0000007869 00000 n We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. Social vulnerability refers to potential harm to people. 3. an overall developmental objective. livelihood and vulnerability framework developed by the Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (Myanmar)vi. The livelihood vulnerability index: A pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change-A case study in Mozambique. All the vulnerability variables are inherently connected trailer Article Google Scholar. 0000111157 00000 n Social vulnerability refers to the characteristics of a person or group in terms of their capacity to One of the main objectives of livelihood support in emergencies is, therefore, to protect the assets that are essential to people's livelihoods, and to support people's own priorities and strategies. Social vulnerability refers to the characteristics of a person or group in terms of their capacity to ... poor governance, discrimination, inequality and inadequate access to resources and livelihoods. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Vulnerability in this context can be defined as the diminished capacity of an individual or group to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of a natural or man-made hazard. PDF | On Jan 1, 2003, Terry Cannon and others published Social Vulnerability, Sustainable Livelihoods and Disasters | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate 0000012538 00000 n startxref The findings that patriarchy is only one but not the only institution governing land access in customary tenure areas and that women have more room to negotiate land access in communal areas especially through entitlements, family obligations and exploitation of multi-layered tenure systems are some of the publication's contribution to knowledge on single women, customary … Hahn, M. B., Riederer, A. M., & Foster, S. O. 0000112604 00000 n 0000044594 00000 n *2013 , Matthew Claughton, The Guardian , (letter), 25 April: *:The legal profession believes that client choice is the best way of ensuring standards remain high, because a lawyer's livelihood depends upon their reputation. 2.1 Livelihood Vulnerability Index Livelihood Vulnerability index was developed which includes social vulnerability, infrastructure development, biophysical conditions, climate, agriculture and livestock, and transportation (Fig 1). This report was produced under United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Cooperative Agreement No. The impact of polderization on livelihood vulnerability is not straightforward and is therefore still poorly understood. Typically, the index is a composite of multiple quantitative indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result. 0000108235 00000 n We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Alternative forms. Vulnerability Assessment Methodologies: A Review of the Literature . Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. Vulnerability Assessment Methodologies: A Review of the Literature . In particular, its riverine-island (char) dwellers face continuous riverbank erosion, frequent flooding, and other adverse effects of climate change that increase their vulnerability. Vulnerability is most often associated with poverty, but it can also arise when people are isolated, insecure and defenceless in the face of risk, shock or stress. The vulnerability context in 3.1.1 refers to the external environment in which people live. 2009). 0000080898 00000 n This report was produced under United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Cooperative Agreement No. 0000004307 00000 n Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. 0000107380 00000 n Section 4 provides an analysis of the main lessons learned in the profiling work so far, while the final section discusses implications for future work on vulnerable group … 0000001116 00000 n Thus, in this chapter, we will be looking at the different types of rural livelihoods. As one disaster-prone area, there is an urgent need to conduct studies on SL in … *:It is their profession and livelihood to get their living by practices for which they deserve to forfeit their lives. 0000012458 00000 n Therefore, in order to identify the variability in vulnerability of affected … 0000005586 00000 n 0000003113 00000 n The Livelihood Vulnerability Index. It is important to distinguish between shocks originating from outside the … / Livelihood vulnerability to shocks, behaviour and investment in education : Essays in behavioural development economics.ProefschriftMaken Maastricht, … Livelihood promotion (improving resilience of household livelihoods, diversification of livelihood strategies, improving access to markets). An individual's livelihood involves the capacity to acquire aforementioned necessities in order to satisfy the basic needs o… The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. affects livelihood trajectories and poverty dynamics; climate change interacts with a multitude of non-climatic factors, which makes detection and attribution challenging. Sustainable livelihood emerges at the intersection of development and environmental studies to offer a new way to think about work, especially the work of vulnerable populations (e.g., low income population living in the bottom of the pyramid, indigenous communities, etc. 2) Potential livelihood outcomes can include more income, increased well-being, reduced vulnerability, improved food security, more sustainable use of the natural resource base, and recovered human dignity, between which there may again … It sets the scene for current livelihood struggles against the backdrop of various relationships between the Basarwa and other more powerful groups. The response variable, or means of coping with a risk, is understood across these frameworks through the lens of sustainable livelihoods. Noun. Whitney Moret ASPIRES . Table 1: Vulnerability factors, contributions to vulnerability, indicators and sources Factor Contribution to vulnerability Indicator Source & validation 0000006923 00000 n Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) proposed by Hahn, Riederer, and Foster (2009, Global Environmental Change, 19(1), 74–88) was applied for livelihood vulnerability analysis of different flooding zones (upper, middle and lower zones) in low flooding condition. The vulnerability context contains shocks that can have sudden and dra- matic impacts on livelihoods – examples include HIV/AIDS, retrenchment and floods. In order to analyze such impacts, we present a comparative case study of four polders in Bangladesh that are characterized by varying societal circumstances, hydrological conditions, hydrological interventions, and different levels of community response to … Promoting social protection with community based disaster risk reduction and diversified livelihood options have immense potential to reduce vulnerability. As a result, the option of abandoning the islands either through increased migration and/or relocation has been proposed as a potential adaptation strategy. The logic provides a framework which can serve as the basis for an analysis. ).The term reflects a concern with extending the focus of poverty studies beyond the physical … 0000002735 00000 n This study investigated the livelihood vulnerability of five communities of farmers who are exposed to droughts in one of the more vulnerable regions of Vietnam—Dak Nong Province. Basin-wide Livelihood Vulnerability Hotspot Mapping Methodology. HIV and livelihoods in Africa: what can National Societies do? The study further reveals that riverbank erosion, frequent flood inundation, and lack of employment and access to basic public services are the major social and natural drivers of livelihood vulnerability. Just as peoples’ livelihood opportunities and their patterns of assets and incomes are determined by wider political and economic processes, vulnerability to disasters is also a function of this wider environment. Bangladesh is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Toufique & Yunus: Vulnerability of Livelihoods in the Coastal Districts 99 X is the original sub-component, X min and X max are the minimum and maximum values, respectively, for each sub-component. Floods have a different impact on households depending on differences in their livelihood choices. People differ in their exposure to risk as a result of their social group, gender, ethnic or … It involves a combination of factors that determine the degree to which someone's life and livelihood are put at risk by a discrete and identifiable event in nature or in society. Urban climate change, livelihood vulnerability and narratives of generational responsibility in Jinja, Uganda - Volume 88 Issue 1 - Katie McQuaid, Robert M. Vanderbeck, Gill Valentine, Chen Liu, Lily Chen, Mei Zhang, Kristina Diprose 2). 0000002046 00000 n 0000008382 00000 n For example, the value of the sub-component dependency ratio ranged from 1 to 5. . A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. 0000143857 00000 n The full list of factors and linked indicators is included as Table 1. <<1048AC976861EE43B9189F88E2217F02>]/Prev 275308>> What does LVI stand for? AID-OAA-LA-13-00001. Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. It involves a combination of factors that determine the degree to which someone's life and livelihood are put at risk by a discrete and identifiable event in nature or in society. Livelihoods mean the type of jobs and lifestyles people lead to earn a living. At present there is DFID support for poverty reduction and for sustainable livelihoods (which to be sustainable should not be ‘vulnerable’). Types of Rural Livelihoods 1] Agriculture Labourers. Livelihoods, Poverty and Vulnerability in Urban Zambia Assessment of situations, coping mechanisms and constraints1 June, 2005 Work in Progress - for comments 1 This analysis is based on findings from our fieldwork, interpreted when necessary with information from secondary sources. These fluctuations are often dramatic and can profoundly affect livelihood security (Devereux et al 2011) People's livelihood strategies are designed, where possible, to reduce seasonal income fluctuations and the associated vulnerability. 0000001590 00000 n Livelihood interventions must be undertaken in combination with other sectors. View 2 peer reviews of Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh on Publons COVID-19 : add an open review or score for a COVID-19 paper now to ensure the latest research gets the extra scrutiny it needs. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian network and is guided by seven Fundamental Principles: Humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, universality and unity. 1.2. People’s lives and livelihoods are affected in different ways by a wide range of structures and processes. Livelihood is defined as a set of … Follow the lead of other sports where their livelihood, just like ours … from daily meal plans and body composition analysis, to hydration requirements and targeted post-workout weights. %%EOF These were combined into vulnerability indices and mapped as vulnerability profiles. 42 0 obj <> endobj vulnerability dynamics that can be used to identify specific risks. 0000009740 00000 n 0000006362 00000 n Single women, land and livelihood vulnerability in a communal area in Zimbabwe - ISBN 9789086861460 - Paperback (print only): $61.00 improving livelihoods and vulnerability assessments. OG lib-leit ) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life". the sustainable livelihoods approach and vulnerability reduction. 0000006387 00000 n integrated. The approach has proven useful for … (en noun) (obsolete) The course of someone's life; a person's lifetime, or their manner of living; conduct, behaviour. Section 3 provides an overview of vulnerability profiling undertaken by FAO. The methodology involves: conducting a literature review; identifying, collecting and collating spatial data layers; overlaying spatial layers in a variety of scenarios; dividing basins … English. The key attribute of these factors is that they are not susceptible to control by local people themselves, at least in the short and medium term. Through such an index "diverse issues can be combined into a standardised framework...making comparisons possible". 0000106859 00000 n This report outlines a methodology to help identify hotspots where livelihoods are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. 82 0 obj <>stream The main drivers of livelihood vulnerability are char-dweller adaptation strategies and access to food and health services. %PDF-1.4 %���� (2009). Our livelihoods and food security work focuses on the following thematic areas: Household and livelihood vulnerability analysis; Emergency food assistance; Asset creation (creating local assets that reduce food insecurity and build livelihood opportunities) Our livelihoods and food security work focuses on the following thematic areas: Household and livelihood vulnerability analysis; Emergency food assistance; Asset creation (creating local assets that reduce food insecurity and build livelihood opportunities) This includes trends (such as national or international economic trends, changes in available technology, political systems), shocks (such as illness or death, conflict, weather), and seasonality (of prices, production cycles and so on). The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach, which looks at five types of household assets—natural, social, financial, physical, and human capital (Chambers and Conway, 1992), is an approach used to design development programming at the community level (United Nations General Assembly, 1997). The issue of achieving sustainable livelihoods (SL) is a persistent problem that has gained significant interest for all countries. For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. These minimum and maximum values were then used to transform this indicator into a … A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. At the same time, the livelihood analysis, is concerned with a progression of vulnerability and how things change in response to social and environmental factors. T hese three indexes are … The Vulnerability Contextrefers to the seasonality, trends, and shocks that affect people’s livelihoods (see 2.2). Copyright 2021 - International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - Legal Disclaimer - Fraud Notice, COMMUNITY EPIDEMIC & PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS, National Society Preparedness for Effective Response, Recovery and risk reduction through livelihood support in Timor-Leste, Red Cross Red Crescent Movement guidelines for cash transfer programming, How to conduct a food security assessment – A step-by-step guide for National Societies in Africa. The vulnerability context refers to unpredictable events that can undermine livelihoods and cause households to fall into poverty. Agriculture labourers are those people in rural areas who work as labour in fields … March 2014 . 0000003678 00000 n livelihood creation in Ngwatle at the household level. Livelihood vulnerability index was employed to analyze the levels of smallholders’ agriculture vulnerability to climate variability and change. Suggested Videos. Drawing on insights from Solomon … Livelihood vulnerability situation of all the 25 settlements is derived based on their exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Keywords— Disaster, Livelihood, vulnerability, strategies and resilient livelihood I. Abstract We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. 0000007518 00000 n This page shows how to develop a livelihood sensitivity matrix that can be used in several ways: - To synthesize existing knowledge on climate vulnerability in a fairly rapid participatory exercise with stakeholders - To provide a first-order vulnerability assessment based on expert judgment - To integrate results from a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods. 0000008710 00000 n Next, Chapter 5 provides a detailed The primary objective of this research is to identify, assess and analyse challenges posed by socio-environmental stressors in terms of livelihood vulnerability upon the … Adem, Jemal Mohammed. March 2014 . Data on socioeconomic and biophysical attribute were collected and combined into the indices and vulnerability score was calculated for each agro-ecological system. 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